A total of 1.2 million people sought asylum in the European Union last year, just slightly lower than in 2015 as conflict and upheaval in Syria and elsewhere keep driving people from their homes, EU figures showed.
The Eurostat statistics agency said that if the 2016 number was lower than the 1.26 million who came in 2015, it was still more than double the 562,000 of 2014.
Syrians were the biggest single group of first-time asylum seekers last year at 334,800, followed by Afghans (183,000) and Iraqis (127,000).
Germany, which accepted nearly one million refugees in 2015, took in about 60 percent of the total number of migrants, 722,300, Eurostat said.
Italy received 121,000 or 10 percent, France 76,000, Greece 49,000, Austria 39,000 and the United Kingdom 38,300.
The fact that the overall 2016 number was only slightly lower than that of 2015 likely reflects delayed recording of asylum requests and that many people do not submit their application immediately on arrival in an EU member state, although under the rules they are supposed to do so.
The main feature of 2016 was the dramatic fall from about one million to around 363,000 migrant arrivals in Greece after an EU-Turkey accord in March that year, according to the International Organization for Migration.