Strasbourg, France - The EU plans a "deep and comprehensive" reform of the electricity market to cope with an energy crisis sparked by Russia's war in Ukraine, European Commission chief Ursula von der Leyen has said.
The measures include a cap on electricity producers' profits that would raise 140 billion euros ($140 billion) and "cushion" consumers from high prices, she said in her annual State of the European Union address on Wednesday.
Other steps involve rationing energy, temporary state aid and decoupling the prices of gas and electricity.
She also announced the creation of a new bank designed to spur investment of up to three billion euros in hydrogen as a Green alternative to fossil fuels.
Electricity production across Europe
The measures were in response to soaring energy costs as Europe painfully unhitches its decades-long dependency on Russian fossil fuels.
Sanctions on Russia and retaliation by Moscow by cutting off gas supplies have sent prices skyrocketing, leaving Europe to confront a difficult coming winter.
"Russia keeps on actively manipulating our energy market. They prefer to flare the gas than to deliver it," von der Leyen said.
"This market is not functioning any more."
What EU countries are most dependent on natural gas for electricity?
- Gas reserves -
To partly prepare for a tough winter, the bloc has hastily stockpiled gas reserves, hitting 84 percent of capacity well ahead of an October deadline, von der Leyen said.
But the hole left by missing Russian supplies will still hurt.
The idea to tax profits by non-gas electricity providers is to divert the money to households and businesses to weather the situation.
"These companies are making revenues they never accounted for, they never even dreamt of," von der Leyen said.
Natural gas prices in Europe (as of Sept 7)
"In these times it is wrong to receive extraordinary record profits benefiting from war and on the back of consumers," she said.
She said "major oil, gas and coal companies" would also "have to give a crisis contribution".
At the same time, von der Leyen highlighted that the EU is pivoting to "reliable suppliers", naming the United States, Norway and Algeria among them.
Longer-term, the EU wants greater reliance on renewable energies, von der Leyen said, hammering a key promise of her mandate. The hydrogen investment bank proposal is another step towards that future.
What is green hydrogen?
- Kyiv trip -
Another announcement made by von der Leyen was planned legislation to secure critical raw materials for the EU as it shifts towards greater use of electric vehicles and other more environmentally friendly technologies.
In her speech, she highlighted the stranglehold China has over resources such as lithium that are key to the energy transition.
"Today, China controls the global processing industry. Almost 90 percent of rare earths and 60 percent of lithium are processed in China," she said in her annual State of the European Union address.
The proposed law would identify "strategic projects all along the supply chain" and "build up strategic reserves where supply is at risk," she said.
As for Russia, the EU chief signalled that the bloc would maintain its sanctions pressure on Russia as long as it waged its war in Ukraine.
"I want to make it very clear, the sanctions are here to stay. This is the time for us to show resolve, not appeasement," she said.
Ukraine's first lady Olena Zelenska attended the gathering in Strasbourg, receiving a standing ovation from lawmakers.
Von der Leyen told MEPs that she would travel to Kyiv to meet Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky, her third trip to the Ukrainian capital since the war started.
EU's von der Leyen announces she will travel to Kyiv
"I will travel to Kiev today to meet President Zelensky" to discuss "in detail" the continuation of European aid, she said in her major annual political address.
"For the first time in its history, this Parliament is debating the state of our Union while war is raging on European soil," said von der Leyen, dressed in Ukrainian colours.
By Marc Burleigh