Washington - Proposed by the United States, supported by the IMF and welcomed by major economies including France and Germany, a global minimum tax rate on corporations is gathering momentum toward becoming a reality.
The reform aimed at ending tax competition between countries and the use of tax havens by companies was on the agenda of G20 finance ministers when the met virtually on April 7, and the group could unveil a proposal by July.
The idea has been promoted by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development but received a fresh boost this week when US Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen said she would push for an agreement among the advanced economies in the G20.
"Together, we can use a global minimum tax to make sure the global economy thrives based on a more level playing field in the taxation of multinational corporations," Yellen said on April 5.
US wants global minimum corporate tax rate to end 'race to the bottom': Yellen
The idea is to ensure companies pay a minimum amount of tax regardless of where they are located, preventing firms from evading taxes by establishing headquarters in countries with lower rates -- a practice prevalent among tech companies which drains resources from government coffers.
The United States lowered its corporate tax rate in 2017 under former president Donald Trump. But President Joe Biden last month proposed raising the rate again to finance a massive $2 trillion infrastructure and jobs plan.
- 'Great step forward' -
However, Yellen has said it would be best to couple a US rate increase with the establishment of a global minimum tax to end the "race to the bottom" among countries to see who implements the lowest rate.
Washington's allies welcomed the US push, with French Finance Minister Bruno Le Maire telling AFP "a global agreement on international taxation is now within reach" and called on countries to "seize this historic opportunity."
Chart comparing corporate tax rates in OECD countries
German Finance Minister Olaf Scholz called Yellen's announcement a "great step forward" in the battle to stem the erosion of government revenues.
"The support of the USA gives this initiative a strong tailwind," Scholz said, adding he hoped a deal could be reached this year.
- How high? -
The European Commission expressed a similar sentiment, with spokesman Daniel Ferrie saying the bloc called on "all global partners to remain engaged in these discussions and to continue the work without delay."
The IMF joined in on the debate last month, with the fund's chief economist Gita Gopinath saying "We are very much in favor of a global minimum corporate tax."
Speaking at the start of the spring meetings of the IMF and World Bank, she underscored the "large amount" of tax avoidance and "countries sending money to tax havens."
"That's reducing the tax base on which governments can collect revenues and do the necessary social and economic spending that's required."
The international reform would be comprised of two components: the minimum tax rate and the establishment of a system to modulate corporate taxes based on profits in each country, regardless of where they are headquartered -- which would likely impact tech giants the most.
Biden singled out the US technology and e-commerce giant Amazon last week for avoiding federal income taxes as he proposed to boost the US corporate tax rate to 28 percent.
World map showing countries on the EU's black and grey lists for tax havens
Chief executive Jeff Bezos said Tuesday that the company supports the proposal as part of a "balanced solution that maintains or enhances US competitiveness" and one that makes "bold investments in American infrastructure."
No official global minimum tax rate on corporations has been decided, but estimates range between 12.5 percent and 21 percent.
by Virginie Montet