Madrid – Spain’s new coalition government between Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez’s Socialist party and hard-left Podemos wants to raise taxes for the rich, roll back a reform of labour market laws and raise salaries.
The two parties argue the measures are needed to fight economic inequality but company lobby group CEOE has warned that their economic programme is “close to populism” and will have a “very negative” impact on job creation in the country, the eurozone’s fourth-largest economy.
The following are some key measures proposed by Spain’s new government after a vote on Tuesday confirmed Sanchez as premier:
– Labour market –
The coalition has vowed to roll back some changes introduced by Spain’s previous conservative government in 2012 during the height of the country’s economic crisis to make the labour market more flexible by making it easier and less expensive to fire workers.
It wants to eliminate or severely restrict the reform’s more controversial measures such as the authorisation to fire workers on sick leave or unilaterally change a job contract.
Former Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy credited his labour market reform for a sharp drop in Spain’s sky-high unemployment rate but critics say it has caused salaries to fall and led to a rise in unstable, temporary work.
– Minimum wage hike –
Sanchez’s previous government rose the monthly minimum wage by 22 percent to 1,050 euros ($1,175).
His new coalition government wants to increase it further by the natural end of the legislature in 2024 to 60 percent of Spain’s average monthly salary which currently stands at 1,970 euros.
– Pensions –
Pensions will once again be linked to inflation, which has not been the case since 2014.
– Higher taxes –
The government wants to raise income taxes on those earning more than 130,000 euros per year, and set a minimum corporate tax rate of 15 percent, while banks and energy firms will have to pay 18 percent.
The goal is to prevent companies from using tax deductions and loopholes from paying far less than the current official corporate tax rate of 25 percent.
Spain’s largest union, CCOO, has said the government’s overall programme is “positive” but criticised a “lack of ambition” regarding taxes, recalling that Spain’s tax rates are lower than the European average.
– Rental market –
The coalition wants to give mayors of cities struggling with “abusive” rent hikes to temporarily impose rent ceilings.
Madrid and Barcelona have in recent years seen rents skyrocket, in part due to the rise in popularity of renting homes to tourists on home-sharing platforms such as Airbnb which has decreased the number of properties available for longer-term rental.
The proposal has sparked an outcry from the real estate sector which argues it would discourage investment in properties built with the goal of being rented out, which would worsen the housing shortage.
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– Debt reduction –
The coalition agreement between the two parties vows to “respect the mechanisms of budget discipline” without setting a specific target for the reduction of Spain’s debt, which stands at nearly 100 percent of the country’s economic output.
Last year the European Commission chided Spain for its slow pace of debt reduction.
By Emmanuelle Michel