Inflation jumped after countries emerged from Covid lockdowns and it has soared since Russia invaded Ukraine, with the IMF expecting consumer prices to rise by 8.3 percent globally this year.
For over a decade, the Nord Stream 1 pipeline reliably shipped natural gas from Russia to Europe -- until the war in Ukraine sent tensions soaring.
In a glassworks in Tschernitz, a stone's throw from the border with Poland, the roar of the furnaces cannot drown out worried whispers about Russian gas supplies to Germany being cut off
In Denmark, large black pipes are about to be buried in a muddy trench, as construction of a gas pipeline from Norway to Poland resumes following Russia's invasion of Ukraine
President Vladimir Putin has warned "unfriendly" countries, including all EU members, they will be cut off from Russian gas unless they open an account in rubles to pay for deliveries
The share of national gas imports from Russia is over 50% in some EU countries. This interactive map shows how this looks in the individual member states. In addition, the graphic provides an overview of the most important gas pipelines from Russia to Europe.