Its power is vast - too much so for some people's tastes. And 20 years since its founding, the European Central Bank could soon see the unthinkable happen: a German in charge.
The European Commission has said it is taking Germany, Britain, France and three other countries to the bloc's highest court for failing to comply with EU air quality standards.
As part of efforts to ensure the company's future, the Italian government is looking for buyers for Alitalia, and received three bids earlier this month.
Almost one million asylum applications were pending at the end of 2017, with Germany accounting for 48 per cent of the total figure.