Although the rich-poor gap has widened over the past decades, the European Union is a world leader in fighting inequality, experts say.
Taxes on products considered polluting are struggling to gain ground in the EU despite backing from Brussels, in the face of opposition from movements like France's "Yellow Vests".
On September 26 last year, Emmanuel Macron laid out his vision for a reformed EU to blunt the rise of nationalism and ensure the bloc has a future as an independent actor on the world stage.
EU finance ministers has sought to break resistance against creating Europe's first ever blacklist of tax havens after new revelations from the "Paradise Papers" showed how major firms escape tax.
The EU has announced a major probe into a British scheme protecting multinationals from tax avoidance rules, in the latest move to get international companies to pay their share.
The EU will propose a new tax on tech giants such as Google and Facebook next year despite opposition by several states, European Commission chief Jean-Claude Juncker says