Defence and security

A continent's preparations for a world of challenges
Europe's defence structure is taking shape. The EU in December 2017 launched a "permanent structured cooperation" on defence agreement (PESCO) across 25 countries to stimulate the development of military projects and the design of common defence equipment. As the United Kingdom and its powerful army prepare to leave the EU, new challenges to the security of the continent are emerging with the Islamist threat, growing tensions with Russia and pressure from migration. With this new common defence structure, will European countries redefine their relations with NATO? Will the EU live up to these new challenges?
04 November 2018, France (France), Straßburg: French President Emmanuel Macron and his wife Brigitte pass the republican guard at a concert for peace in Europe in Strasbourg Cathedral. The occasion is the end of the First World War and the return of Alsace-Lorraine to France 100 years ago. Photo: Sebastian Gollnow/dpa
04 November 2018, France (France), Stra […]

Macron: Europe needs ‘real European army’

French President Emmanuel Macron has warned that Europeans cannot be protected without a European army.
France's President Emmanuel Macron addresses students at the North Rhine-Westphalia technical university in Aachen, western Germany, on May 10, 2018. Photo: Ludovic Marin / AFP
France's President Emmanuel Macron addre […]

Macron’s EU vision: how has it fared 12 months on?

On September 26 last year, Emmanuel Macron laid out his vision for a reformed EU to blunt the rise of nationalism and ensure the bloc has a future as an independent actor on the world stage.
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