Defence and security

A continent's preparations for a world of challenges
Europe's defence structure is taking shape. The EU in December 2017 launched a "permanent structured cooperation" on defence agreement (PESCO) across 25 countries to stimulate the development of military projects and the design of common defence equipment. As the United Kingdom and its powerful army prepare to leave the EU, new challenges to the security of the continent are emerging with the Islamist threat, growing tensions with Russia and pressure from migration. With this new common defence structure, will European countries redefine their relations with NATO? Will the EU live up to these new challenges?
Picture taken and released on August 24, 2016 by the Turkish Presidential Press Service shows then US Vice President Joe Biden (L) and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan speaking during a press conference at the Turkish Presidential Complex in Ankara. Photo: Kayhan Ozer / Turkish Presidential Press Service / AFP
Picture taken and released on August 24, […]

Facing Biden, Erdogan extends olive branch to EU

Facing a potentially hostile US administration, Turkish President Erdogan is trying to break his isolation by mending EU relations, torn by what the bloc views as his bellicose foreign policy
An Armenian soldier carries his machine gun in the front line as troops hold positions on October 18, 2020, during the ongoing fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the disputed region. (Photo by ARIS MESSINIS / AFP)
An Armenian soldier carries his machine […]

Main points of the Nagorno-Karabakh peace deal

Armenia and Azerbaijan have agreed to a Russian-brokered peace deal to end weeks of heavy fighting over Nagorno-Karabakh and find a long-term solution to the dispute over the region
Then US Vice-President Joe Biden speaks during a meeting with then EU President Donald Tusk (unseen) at the EU Headquarters in Brussels on February 6, 2015. Photo: Emmanuel Dunand / AFP
Then US Vice-President Joe Biden speaks […]

EU must ‘learn to live without’ US global leadership under Biden

The EU will once again have a cooperative US partner when Joe Biden becomes president, but Europeans should have no illusions: Washington will be no globo-cop nor NATO's big protector, analysts say
A police officer looks at a destroyed house after shelling in the breakaway Nagorno-Karabakh region's main city of Stepanakert on October 7, 2020. Photo: Aris Messinis / AFP
A police officer looks at a destroyed ho […]

Shadow of history makes Karabakh solution elusive

Two weeks into the fiercest fighting over Nagorno-Karabakh since a 1990s war, analysts say the historical burden is making a long-term agreement between Armenia and Azerbaijan elusive
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