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Defence and security

A continent's preparations for a world of challenges
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Europe's defence structure is taking shape. The EU in December 2017 launched a "permanent structured cooperation" on defence agreement (PESCO) across 25 countries to stimulate the development of military projects and the design of common defence equipment. As the United Kingdom and its powerful army prepare to leave the EU, new challenges to the security of the continent are emerging with the Islamist threat, growing tensions with Russia and pressure from migration. With this new common defence structure, will European countries redefine their relations with NATO? Will the EU live up to these new challenges?
Tourists gather on a bridge overlooking a dam on the Vuoksi river, near the Imatra Rapids in Imatra, Finland, on August 12, 2022. Photo: Alessandro Rampazzo / AFP
Tourists gather on a bridge overlooking ... […]

Russian tourists to Finland greeted with Ukrainian anthem

A crowd including Russian tourists gathers in the Finnish town of Imatra as water rushes from a dam to the sound of music. But since the end of July, the show has begun with Ukraine's national anthem.
A view of the centre of Kaliningrad, the largest city in the Russian exclave of the same name, pictured during the Russia 2018 World Cup football tournament on June 21, 2018. Photo: Patrick Hertzog / AFP
A view of the centre of Kaliningrad, the... […]

Kaliningrad: Russian outpost in the heart of Europe

Situated some 1,000 miles from Moscow, the Russian outpost of Kaliningrad has been drawn into the war in Ukraine, after Lithuania said it would no longer act as a conduit for sanctioned goods arriving in the territory from the motherland
Smoke rises after explosions hit the Ukrainian capital Kyiv early on June 5, 2022. Photo: Sergei Supinsky / AFP
Smoke rises after explosions hit the Ukr... […]

War, hunger, Covid-19 cast gloomy shadow over Europe

Since Russia's invasion of Ukraine, the list of Europe's woes keeps growing as it battles rising food and energy prices and continued disruption caused by the Covid-19 pandemic
Despite Hungarian government claims of providing for hundreds of thousands of refugees, only an estimated 10 to 20% of Ukrainians stay more than a few days, relief organisations say. Photo: Attila Kisbenedek / AFP
Despite Hungarian government claims of p... […]

Hungary’s neutral war stance puts off Ukraine refugees

Like Kristina Novytska, most Ukrainian refugees in Hungary are keen to leave the country, whose nationalist leader's neutral stance on the war is an exception in the EU
Members of the MPK, the National Defence Training Association of Finland, attend training at the Santahamina military base near Helsinki on May 14, 2022. Photo: Alessandro Rampazzo
Members of the MPK, the National Defence... […]

Rattled by Russia, Finns flock to military training

On a windy island off Helsinki, people from all walks of life are spending their weekend doing military training, as volunteer numbers soar and Finland readies to join NATO to protect itself from Russia
Fahrzeuge der Panzergrenadierbrigade 37 „Freistaat Sachsen“ setzen mit einer Schwimmschnellbrücke über die Elbe. Per Gefechtsmarsch verlegt die Truppe derzeit ihre Fahrzeuge über öffentliche Straßen zum Truppenübungsplatz Bergen. Bis zum 05. Mai 2022 muss daher auf der Bundesstraße B188 sowie auf der Strecke vom Truppenübungsplatz über Gardelegen und Beetzendorf zur B248 mit Truppenbewegungen gerechnet werden.
Fahrzeuge der Panzergrenadierbrigade 37 ... […]

Countries with the highest military spending

Which country spends how much on the military? The chart lists 15 countries - the graph can be sorted by absolute values in billion US$ or percentage changes in military spending since 2012
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