Defence and security

A continent's preparations for a world of challenges
Europe's defence structure is taking shape. The EU in December 2017 launched a "permanent structured cooperation" on defence agreement (PESCO) across 25 countries to stimulate the development of military projects and the design of common defence equipment. As the United Kingdom and its powerful army prepare to leave the EU, new challenges to the security of the continent are emerging with the Islamist threat, growing tensions with Russia and pressure from migration. With this new common defence structure, will European countries redefine their relations with NATO? Will the EU live up to these new challenges?
US President Joe Biden disembarks from Air Force One after arriving at Melsbroek Military Airport in Brussels on June 13, 2021, ahead of the NATO and EU-US summits. Photo: Yves Herman / Pool / AFP
US President Joe Biden disembarks from A... […]

Biden to rebuild ‘sacred’ NATO bond shaken by Trump

US President Joe Biden will seek to restore bonds of trust at NATO's first post-Trump summit, as leaders push to revitalise the alliance despite differences over dangers ahead
A Ukrainian serviceman in a trench on the frontline with Russia-backed separatists near the town of Zolote, in Ukraine's Lugansk region, on April 8, 2021. Photo: Str / AFP
A Ukrainian serviceman in a trench on th... […]

Growing Russia-Ukraine tensions: a timeline

Tensions between Ukraine and Russia, accused of massing troops near its border and on the Crimean peninsula it annexed in 2014, have intensified since the start of the year. A timeline.
Austrian police work on November 3, 2020 at Morzinplatz, one of the areas of the multiple shootings that occured on the eve in the center of Vienna, Austria. - A huge manhunt was under way November 3, 2020 after gunmen opened fire at multiple locations across central Vienna, killing at least three people and wounding several more in what the Austrian Chancellor described as a "repulsive terror attack". One of the suspected killers, identified as an Islamic State group sympathiser, was shot dead by police who said they were searching for at least one more assailant still at large. (Photo by ALEX HALADA / AFP)
Austrian police work on November 3, 2020... […]

Austria attack highlights Europe’s jihadist dilemma

The fallout from November's shootings in Vienna has shone a light on Europe's dilemma in dealing with jihadists, particularly the continent's struggles to deradicalise individuals
US Air Force photo shows an unarmed Minuteman III intercontinental ballistic missile launching during a developmental test at 12:33 a.m. Pacific Time on February 5, 2020, at Vandenberg Air Force Base, California. Photo: Clayton Wear / US Air Force / AFP
US Air Force photo shows an unarmed Minu... […]

New START: expiring arms accord between Cold War rivals

Russia and the United States have until February 5 to prolong a key agreement to curb their nuclear arsenals, the last remaining arms reduction pact between the former Cold War rivals
Picture taken and released on August 24, 2016 by the Turkish Presidential Press Service shows then US Vice President Joe Biden (L) and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan speaking during a press conference at the Turkish Presidential Complex in Ankara. Photo: Kayhan Ozer / Turkish Presidential Press Service / AFP
Picture taken and released on August 24,... […]

Facing Biden, Erdogan extends olive branch to EU

Facing a potentially hostile US administration, Turkish President Erdogan is trying to break his isolation by mending EU relations, torn by what the bloc views as his bellicose foreign policy
An Armenian soldier carries his machine gun in the front line as troops hold positions on October 18, 2020, during the ongoing fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the disputed region. (Photo by ARIS MESSINIS / AFP)
An Armenian soldier carries his machine ... […]

Main points of the Nagorno-Karabakh peace deal

Armenia and Azerbaijan have agreed to a Russian-brokered peace deal to end weeks of heavy fighting over Nagorno-Karabakh and find a long-term solution to the dispute over the region
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